Varna, Crusade of
- The last effort by western Christendom to save Constantinople (q.v.) and eastern Europe from the Ottomans (q.v.). Preached by Pope Eugenius IV (qq.v.) in 1440, the Crusade included forces under Hunyadi and George Brankovich (qq.v.). After agreeing to a 10-year truce, the Crusaders broke their agreement, which prompted a quick response from Sultan Murad II (qq.v.), who annihilated the western army (10 November 1444) on the coast of the Black Sea (q.v.) near Varna, before the Crusade could relieve Constantinople.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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